Representación Legal en español para la Comunidad Hispana de Virginia 

La Oficina de Abogados en Virginia de

Domingo J. Rivera, Attorney at Law, PLC

Abogado de Divorcio en Virginia

El proceso de divorcio en Virginia es muy difícil tanto mentalmente, emocionalmente, y financieramente.  La conserjería de un abogado con experiencia y que hable español es extremadamente importante para lograr reducir el stress y la incertidumbre del proceso de divorcio en Virginia.

Como tu abogado de divorcio en Virginia que habla español, entendemos tanto la ley como los aspectos personales asociados con un divorcio en Virginia y podemos comunicar nuestro conocimiento en tu idioma, español.  Te podemos proveer conserjería legal experta aun antes de que comiences los procedimientos formales del divorcio en Virginia.  Prepararse por adelantado para el proceso de divorcio en Virginia puede hacer una gran diferencia.  Te podemos aconsejar y ayudarte con una estrategia legal para que te prepares propiamente para tu caso de divorcio, custodia de los niños (child custody), visitación con los niños, manutención para los niños (child support), manutención entre esposo y esposa (spousal support) y distribución de tus propiedades (property distribution issues).  También te podemos ayudar a preparar un acuerdo de separación con el propósito de facilitar un divorcio sin falta en Virginia (uncontested divorce).

Luego de tomar la decisión de someter la demanda de divorcio en Virginia y la decisión de si debe someter la demanda de divorcio por falta o sin falta, aun quedan muchas preguntas que requieren la asistencia de un abogado hispano de Virginia que maneje divorcios y que sea altamente competente.  Te puedes preguntar, donde vivirán los niños durante el proceso de divorcio y cuando el divorcio haya finalizado?  Que sucederá con la propiedad que obtuve antes, durante, y después de la separación?  Como se determina, según las leyes de divorcio de Virginia la distribución de los beneficios de retiro?  Como se aplica la ley de divorcio de Virginia a familias militares?  Como tu abogado de divorcio en Virginia que habla español, te podemos asistir con estas y otras preguntas.   

El comienzo de la demanda de divorcio en Virginia es controlada por el código legal de Virginia.  La ley provee como sigue:

§ 20-99. How such suits instituted and conducted; costs. (Como se inicia una demanda de divorcio y costos)

Such suit shall be instituted and conducted as other suits in equity, except as otherwise provided in this section:

1. No divorce, annulment, or affirmation of a marriage shall be granted on the uncorroborated testimony of the parties or either of them.

2. Whether the defendant answers or not, the cause shall be heard independently of the admissions of either party in the pleadings or otherwise.

3. Process or notice in such proceedings shall be served in this Commonwealth by any of the methods prescribed in § 8.01-296 by any person authorized to serve process under § 8.01-293. Service may be made on a nonresident by any of the methods prescribed in § 8.01-296 by any person authorized to serve process under § 8.01-320.

4. In cases where such suits have been commenced and an appearance has been made on behalf of the defendant by counsel, then notices to take depositions and of hearings, motions, and other proceedings except contempt proceedings, may be served by delivering or mailing a copy to counsel for opposing party, the foot of such notices bearing either acceptance of service or a certificate of counsel in compliance with the Rules of the Supreme Court of Virginia. "Counsel for opposing party" shall include a pro se party who (i) has entered a general appearance in person or by filing a pleading or endorsing an order of withdrawal of that party's counsel, or (ii) has signed a pleading in the case or who has notified the other parties and the clerk that he appears in the case.

5. Costs may be awarded to either party as equity and justice may require.

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Luego de que la demanda de divorcio se somete a la corte en Virginia, la parte que radica la demanda de divorcio es responsable por efectuar el servicio de la misma en la otra parte, o sea, hacer que los papeles de divorcio le sean entregados a su esposo o esposa.  El proceso de entregar los papeles de divorcio a tu esposo o esposa también esta regulado por el código legal de Virginia.  La demanda de divorcio se puede servir en persona, a un familiar adulto que reside en el hogar (servicio por substitución), o la demanda de divorcio en Virginia también se puede fijar en la puerta de la residencia de la otra parte.  También, en ciertas circunstancias, la otra parte puede aceptar la demanda de divorcio de manera voluntaria. 

§ 20-99.1:1. How defendant may accept service; waive service. (Como aceptar servicio de la demanda de divorcio de manera voluntaria)

A. A defendant in such suits may accept service of process by signing the proof of service before any officer authorized to administer oaths. This proof of service shall, when filed with the papers in the suit, have the same effect as if it had been served upon the defendant by a person authorized to serve process. In addition, service of process may be accepted or waived by any party, upon voluntary execution of a notarized writing specifying an intent to accept or waive any particular process, or by a defendant by filing an answer in the suit. Such notarized writing may be provided in the clerk's office of any circuit court and may be signed by such party to the proceedings before any clerk or deputy clerk of any circuit court, under oath, or may be drafted and filed by counsel in the proceeding, and shall, when filed with the papers in the suit, have the same effect as if the process specified had been personally served upon the defendant by a person authorized to serve process. The court may enter any order or decree without further notice unless a defendant has filed an answer in the suit.

B. When service is accepted pursuant to this section by a nonresident person out of the Commonwealth, such service shall have the same effect as an order of publication duly executed.

C. Any process served outside the Commonwealth executed in such manner as provided for in this section is validated.

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La ley de divorcio de Virginia provee que para someter una demanda de divorcio en Virginia, usted debe tener causa o justificación para el divorcio.  Justificaciones para someter una demanda de divorcio incluyen crueldad física, crueldad mental, abuso físico, adulterio, deserción, o separación por mas de un ano, también conocido como el divorcio sin falta o sin culpa en Virginia. Las justificaciones de un divorcio en Virginia requieren cierto tipo de prueba.  Por ejemplo, para someter una demanda de divorcio en Virginia por adulterio, ciertos requisitos son necesarios.  Virginia todavía considera el adulterio como un crimen.  Aunque el adulterio no es normalmente perseguido como una ofensa criminal, alegaciones de adulterio deben ser probadas bajo un estándar mas alto que otras causas de divorcio en Virginia. Tu abogado de divorcio en Virginia te puede aconsejar acerca de los detalles asociados con radicar una demanda de divorcio basada en adulterio en Virginia.

Similarmente, otras causas de divorcio en Virginia requieren pruebas especificas.  Por ejemplo, para obtener un divorcio basado en crueldad, hay que demostrar algún acto o amenaza física.  El hecho de que el esposo y la esposa ya no se lleven bien no es suficiente y en muchas cortes de Virginia, la causa de divorcio llamada crueldad mental es nada mas que una ilusión sin mucho peso legal.

Las causas de divorcio en Virginia han sido codificadas por ley.  La ley de divorcio en Virginia provee que:

§ 20-91. Grounds for divorce from bond of matrimony; contents of decree. (Causas de divorcio del vinculo matrimonial puede ser concedido por las siguientes)

A. A divorce from the bond of matrimony may be decreed:

(1) For adultery; or for sodomy or buggery committed outside the marriage;

(2) —Repealed.]

(3) Where either of the parties subsequent to the marriage has been convicted of a felony, sentenced to confinement for more than one year and confined for such felony subsequent to such conviction, and cohabitation has not been resumed after knowledge of such confinement (in which case no pardon granted to the party so sentenced shall restore such party to his or her conjugal rights);

(4), (5) —Repealed.]

(6) Where either party has been guilty of cruelty, caused reasonable apprehension of bodily hurt, or willfully deserted or abandoned the other, such divorce may be decreed to the innocent party after a period of one year from the date of such act; or

(7), (8) —Repealed.]

(9) (a) On the application of either party if and when the husband and wife have lived separate and apart without any cohabitation and without interruption for one year. In any case where the parties have entered into a separation agreement and there are no minor children either born of the parties, born of either party and adopted by the other or adopted by both parties, a divorce may be decreed on application if and when the husband and wife have lived separately and apart without cohabitation and without interruption for six months. A plea of res adjudicata or of recrimination with respect to any other provision of this section shall not be a bar to either party obtaining a divorce on this ground; nor shall it be a bar that either party has been adjudged insane, either before or after such separation has commenced, but at the expiration of one year or six months, whichever is applicable, from the commencement of such separation, the grounds for divorce shall be deemed to be complete, and the committee of the insane defendant, if there be one, shall be made a party to the cause, or if there be no committee, then the court shall appoint a guardian ad litem to represent the insane defendant.

(b) This subdivision (9) shall apply whether the separation commenced prior to its enactment or shall commence thereafter. Where otherwise valid, any decree of divorce hereinbefore entered by any court having equity jurisdiction pursuant to this subdivision (9), not appealed to the Supreme Court of Virginia, is hereby declared valid according to the terms of said decree notwithstanding the insanity of a party thereto.

(c) A decree of divorce granted pursuant to this subdivision (9) shall in no way lessen any obligation any party may otherwise have to support the spouse unless such party shall prove that there exists in the favor of such party some other ground of divorce under this section or § 20-95.

B. A decree of divorce shall include each party's social security number, or other control number issued by the Department of Motor Vehicles pursuant to § 46.2-342.

However, just like there are grounds for divorce in Virginia, there are defenses against these grounds.  For example, marital cohabitation after knowledge of adultery (known as "condonation") bars the granting of a divorce based on adultery grounds.  Connivance and recrimination are also possible defenses against a divorce suit in Virginia.  The following statute is extremely important when considering these defenses:

§ 20-94. Effect of cohabitation after knowledge of adultery, sodomy or buggery; lapse of five years.

When the suit is for divorce for adultery, sodomy, or buggery, the divorce shall not be granted, if it appear that the parties voluntarily cohabited after the knowledge of the fact of adultery, sodomy or buggery, or that it occurred more than five years before the institution of the suit, or that it was committed by the procurement or connivance of the party alleging such act.

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Tal vez la pregunta que mas nos hacen las personas que están contemplando iniciar un proceso de divorcio en Virginia es: Como obtengo un divorcio en Virginia si no cumplo con el periodo de separación de un ano provisto por la ley de divorcio en Virginia.  Tu abogado de divorcio en Virginia te puede contestar estas preguntas en español, incluyendo la explicación de lo que significa una vista de divorcio Pendente Lite Durante esta vista, un juez de divorcio de Virginia puede hacer una decisión preliminar resolviendo de manera temporera asuntos importantes del divorcio en Virginia, incluyendo quien mantiene posesión de la casa y quien se tiene que mudar a otro lugar, manutención y asistencia financiera para el niño o los niños, manutención para la pareja.  El juez de divorcio de Virginia también puede ordenar que no se disipen, vendan, o destruyan artículos de propiedad.  La ley de remedios Pendente Lite explica los poderes de la corte para dar alivio temporero a las partes de un divorcio en Virginia.

§ 20-103. Court may make orders pending suit for divorce, custody or visitation, etc. (La corte puede entrar ordenes mientras la demanda de divorcio esta pendiente; custodia, visitacion, etc.)

A. In suits for divorce, annulment and separate maintenance, and in proceedings arising under subdivision A 3 or subsection L of § 16.1-241, the court having jurisdiction of the matter may, at any time pending a suit pursuant to this chapter, in the discretion of such court, make any order that may be proper (i) to compel a spouse to pay any sums necessary for the maintenance and support of the petitioning spouse, including an order that the other spouse provide health care coverage for the petitioning spouse, unless it is shown that such coverage cannot be obtained, (ii) to enable such spouse to carry on the suit, (iii) to prevent either spouse from imposing any restraint on the personal liberty of the other spouse, (iv) to provide for the custody and maintenance of the minor children of the parties, including an order that either party provide health care coverage for the children, (v) to provide support, calculated in accordance with § 20-108.2, for any child of the parties to whom a duty of support is owed and to continue to support any child over the age of 18 who meets the requirements set forth in subsection C of § 20-124.2, (vi) for the exclusive use and possession of the family residence during the pendency of the suit, (vii) to preserve the estate of either spouse, so that it be forthcoming to meet any decree which may be made in the suit, or (viii) to compel either spouse to give security to abide such decree. The parties to any petition where a child whose custody, visitation, or support is contested shall show proof that they have attended within the 12 months prior to their court appearance or that they shall attend within 45 days thereafter an educational seminar or other like program conducted by a qualified person or organization approved by the court except that the court may require the parties to attend such seminar or program in uncontested cases only if the court finds good cause. The seminar or other program shall be a minimum of four hours in length and shall address the effects of separation or divorce on children, parenting responsibilities, options for conflict resolution and financial responsibilities. Once a party has completed one educational seminar or other like program, the required completion of additional programs shall be at the court's discretion. Parties under this section shall include natural or adoptive parents of the child, or any person with a legitimate interest as defined in § 20-124.1. The fee charged a party for participation in such program shall be based on the party's ability to pay; however, no fee in excess of $50 may be charged. Whenever possible, before participating in mediation or alternative dispute resolution to address custody, visitation or support, each party shall have attended the educational seminar or other like program. The court may grant an exemption from attendance of such program for good cause shown or if there is no program reasonably available. Other than statements or admissions by a party admitting criminal activity or child abuse, no statement or admission by a party in such seminar or program shall be admissible into evidence in any subsequent proceeding.

B. In addition to the terms provided in subsection A, upon a showing by a party of reasonable apprehension of physical harm to that party by such party's family or household member as that term is defined in § 16.1-228, and consistent with rules of the Supreme Court of Virginia, the court may enter an order excluding that party's family or household member from the jointly owned or jointly rented family dwelling. In any case where an order is entered under this paragraph, pursuant to an ex parte hearing, the order shall not exclude a family or household member from the family dwelling for a period in excess of 15 days from the date the order is served, in person, upon the person so excluded. The order may provide for an extension of time beyond the 15 days, to become effective automatically. The person served may at any time file a written motion in the clerk's office requesting a hearing to dissolve or modify the order. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit the court from extending an order entered under this subsection for such longer period of time as is deemed appropriate, after a hearing on notice to the parties. If the party subject to the order fails to appear at this hearing, the court may extend the order for a period not to exceed six months.

C. In cases other than those for divorce in which a custody or visitation arrangement for a minor child is sought, the court may enter an order providing for custody, visitation or maintenance pending the suit as provided in subsection A. The order shall be directed to either parent or any person with a legitimate interest who is a party to the suit.

D. Orders entered pursuant to this section which provide for custody or visitation arrangements pending the suit shall be made in accordance with the standards set out in Chapter 6.1 (§ 20-124.1 et seq.) of this title. Orders entered pursuant to subsection B shall be certified by the clerk and forwarded as soon as possible to the local police department or sheriff's office which shall, on the date of receipt, enter the name of the person subject to the order and other appropriate information required by the Department of State Police into the Virginia crime information network system established and maintained by the Department of State Police pursuant to Chapter 2 (§ 52-12 et seq.) of Title 52. If the order is later dissolved or modified, a copy of the dissolution or modification shall also be certified, forwarded and entered in the system as described above.

E. An order entered pursuant to this section shall have no presumptive effect and shall not be determinative when adjudicating the underlying cause.

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Tu abogado de divorcio de Virginia es también un negociador justo, pero fuerte y agresivo cuando es necesario.  Te podemos asistir no solo durante la litigación, pero también podemos preparar y negociar un acuerdo de separación.  Este acuerdo de separación, si se prepara debidamente y contiene las cláusulas esenciales, puede convertir un divorcio altamente peleado en uno sin falta o culpa.  Cuando esto sucede, el divorcio de Virginia puede ser completado sin necesidad de litigación y en una manera en la cual ambas partes pueden decidir por si mismas el futuro de sus hijos, su propiedad, y manutención o asistencia económica sin necesidad de que un juez intervenga.

Un abogado de divorcio de Virginia te puede proveer la experiencia y destreza necesaria para reducir las dificultades e incertidumbres asociadas con el proceso de divorcio en Virginia.

Comunícate con un abogado hispano y que habla español para casos de divorcio en Virginia y para conserjería legal experta.

Para comunicarse directamente con una de nuestras oficinas en Virginia y consultar con un abogado de Virginia que habla español, puede llamarnos a los siguientes números:

Oficina en Richmond Virginia:

8527 Mayland Drive, Suite 107

Henrico, VA 23233

Tel: (804) 332-6585

Fax: (866) 651-2004

 

 


 

 


Nuestros abogados hispanos de Virginia (VA) manejan casos criminalistas, de divorcio, custodia de ninos, exceso de velocidad, reckless driving, dui y casos federales en espanol.  Algunas de las jurisdicciones en las cuales ofrecemos servicios en espanol includen sin limitacion:

Henrico County, Richmond City, Chesterfield County, Hanover County, Petersburg County, Prince William County, Hopewell, Petersburg, Dinwiddie, Quantico, Virginia Beach, Norfolk, Chesapeake, Fredericksburg, Stafford, Spotsylvania, Newport News, Hampton, Williamsburg, Amelia, Powhatan, Goochland, Louisa, Manassas, Woodbridge, Charles City, James City, Gloucester, Portsmouth, Shenandoah, Prince George, Sussex, New Kent, West End of Richmond, Glen Allen, Federal Court for the Eastern District of Virginia (Richmond, Alexandria, Norfolk, and Newport News Divisions).